|Lodges and Farms|
“Contrasting beautiful Namibia, Namibia our country
Taken from Namibian national anthem
This beautiful country of ours has a landmass of approximately 824 000 km²:
There are approximately 10 900 Title Deed portions outside municipal areas (2006):
In total, title deed farms (of more than 3 000 ha each) constitute 61.8% of the agricultural land in Namibia. Smaller title deed plots make up 6.4% of the agricultural land. This last portion consists mainly of smallholdings around towns, in many cases just in residential areas. Agricultural land basically consists of land that is not situated in Municipal/local authority area, not in a settlement area and not owned by the State, as well as land not excluded by a notice from the Minister in the Government Gazette. There are purportedly about 50 state-owned farms that have not been subdivided.
Agriculture in Namibia indeed shapes the backbone of the economy with regard to hunting, tourism and job creation together with the production of primary products.
Extensive livestock farming makes out the bigger part of agricultural activities, as more than 90% of the 687 000 km² of agricultural land (83% of the total surface) are utilized for extensive livestock farming. Veterinary Livestock census and reports in 2006 indicated more than 2 300 000 head of cattle in Namibia. In 2007 Namibia had four export abattoirs for cattle in operation at Windhoek, Okahandja, Oshakati and Katima Mulilo. The sale distribution of Namibian beef reached 72% in the United Kingdom in 2006 and 13% in the Netherlands. Nearly 50% of our country’s job-opportunities are provided by agricultural related activities, with 20% plus in the formal sector, thus being the single most important employment factor within the domestic economy. Unfortunately the meat processing sector is fluctuating with a possible reason the uncertainty amongst the full time productive farmers where numbers are decreasing due to policies and implementations of the agriculture and land reform programmes.
Agricultural land is not only of importance to the economy but also a vital part of the real estate industry.
Guest farms/lodges are also a widespread Namibian development. On guest farms you will still find farming activities/business, but in addition farmers/owners also offer accommodation with full- and half board services. Many farms now have luxury lodges with well equipped kitchens and restaurants, bars, shops, terraces, receptions, swimming pools and various other facilities, which constitute one of the popular real estate holdings of Namibia
Game viewing and sustainable trophy hunting is also of major importance not only for giving value to the game, but also for the economy of our country.
Needless to say, these beautiful lands are not only sought after but general observations are that prices of commercial farmland are expensive, as ownership of farmland is very much linked to wealth in people’s minds. Nevertheless, the realities highlight opportunities for the acquisition of prime real estate with sound tourism potential.
Hunting in Namibia
Hunting is the perfect tool to assist developing nations to achieve a higher level of development. It has the potential to develop into one of the country’s most valuable renewable assets if managed properly through game ranching and utilised sustainably through fee-based trophy hunting.
The Agricultural (Commercial) Land Reform Act, 1995 as amended:
The Agricultural industry in Namibia underwent a number of changes since we gained independence in 1990. Besides some changes in subsidy support farming, the government also needed to address land reform and for that purpose adopted the Agricultural (Commercial) Land Reform Act which was passed in 1995.
Practical Implications of Act: Preferment Right of State to Purchase
A key component of the 1995 Act is the requirement that all commercial farmland sold must first be offered to the Government for redistribution through its resettlement programme. This includes the sale/exchange of the land or otherwise disposal of the land for valuable consideration.
A Waiver is only valid for one year. If the sale does not go through and the certificate has lapsed, the procedure needs to be repeated and can only in certain circumstances and specific conditions be renewed.
As in South Africa, farming in Namibia was a direct subsidy by the Government for commercial agriculture purposes. Needless to say, taxation of farmlands never really existed. As part of the current effort to achieve land reform, the government introduced land tax through the amendments to the Agricultural (Commercial) Land Reform Act.